The Role of the “Ulama” (Scholars) and the “Umara” (Rulers) in Societal Change in the Light of Imam Abdessalam Yassine’s Theory of Prophetic Method
Change is such an illusive slogan of the contemporary age as is the part of every manifesto of an individual, a group or an organization. Though this slogan seems attractive to the depressed masses, institutions or organizations, however this fact cannot be denied that is its guise, real motives are less achieved than the interests and motives of a few certain people.
Imam Abdessalam Yassine is also a preacher of change. According to him, giving up the teachings of Revelation and taking up reason based system is one of the main causes of all the political, economic and social issues of Muslim countries.
Imam Abdessalam Yassine has proved it historically that so long as man confined reason within its limits and kept it subservient to Revelation, he always succeeded. But when he exceeded the circle of rationalism and tries to control Revelation under reason, he made his issues greatly complicated rather than to resolve them.
Speaking of change in his theory of Prophetic Method, Abdessalam Yassine never detaches himself from spiritual values. In the glorious light of Qur’an and Sunnah, he makes his speech and ideas authentic and takes into consideration that to get at the target of change, we may not get away from the goal of piety.
His package of change is multidimensional. He emphasizes much the role of scholars and the rulers. As mentioned in hadith:
"صنفان من الناس إذا صلحا صلح الناس وإذا فسدا فسد الناس، العلماء والأمراء."
“There are two classes of people, if they are on the right way, all are on the same. And if they get into dispute, all are disputed. They are the scholars and the rulers.
The main goal of our study is to explain the role of Ulama and the Umara in the process of change, the second aim is to make the Ulama and Umara realize their responsibilities and Finally to show the outstanding significance of concept of change of Imam Abdessalam Yassine in contemporary Islamic thought۔
Excluding the introduction and the conclusion, this article consists of four sections.
In view of Imam Abdessalam Yassine, in the process of societal change, the most effective role belongs to the scholars and to the authorities. These two classes are closer and more influencing to the masses than others. But unfortunately, the above mentioned classes have greater tendency to materialism than to the process of reformation of the society. The group of scholars needs some measures to adopt i.e. to consolidate their ties with Allah, to be kind and affectionate in preaching, to practice wisdom, to quit flattery, to be courageous in speaking the truth and to put up with its response with patience and perseverance, to improve unity, refraining from self-display and sectarianism, among their classes and to bid farewell to the baseless debates on past. While on the other hand, the Umara have some other strands to capture i.e. to have fear of Allah in their hearts, to be determined on fair dealings in ruling, to fulfill the needs of the public, to safeguards the orders of Allah, to be honest in consuming the House of Treasury and a formidable connection with the scholars to seek their guidance.